Post Op Protection Helmet Project Health And Social Care Essay

Introduction

Most of the patients who had undergone any major caput surgery will necessitate an effectual protection of their lesion. After surgery, some patients particularly post-traumatic hurt have a high hazard of falling due to neurological damages, failing, post-op ictuss and agitation or confusion and re-injure their caput. This is more of import if portion of the patient ‘s skull is removed ( craniectomy ) . Appropriate protective headwear during the acute period post-op can be worn and cut down the opportunity of hurt. While effectual protection for the caput and face is a precedence for these persons, headwear should besides supply unobstructed vision and equal airing, lightweight, cosmetically acceptable and moderately priced. Supplying effectual headwear is a job for many orthotists and the rehabilitation squad taking attention of persons who have a high hazard of head hurt following a autumn. Parents, health professionals and clinicians normally opt to utilize commercial athleticss helmets or other types of adjustable off-the-rack headwear. Although commercial helmets are adaptable and comparatively cheap, a figure of characteristics make them by and large unsuitable for the handicapped population post-operation. The chief thought for this protection helmet is to supply a comfy wear for the patient and cut down hazard of wounding the caput and lesion during inpatient period. In other manner, the design should be able to minimise the impact to the caput if a autumn or knock occurs.

Chapter 2: LITERITURE RIVIEW

Human encephalon can defy 300 to 400 G of impact without either concussion or skull break, provided that there is no local distortion of the skull to bring down direct hurt. Patients sometimes ha caput surgery that needed to take some portion of their skull. This will do impact that encephalon can defy lower than original. Therefore, the helmet protection for station secret agent will be needed.

2.1 Review Journal

Harmonizing to Understanding Head & A ; Neck Trauma by Tony Pan Sanfelipo, the impact that caput can defy is vary from the location that the forces is being exerted. The frontal bone ( forehead ) can defy on norm, 1,000 to 1,600 lbs of force. The temporo-parietal ( sides of caput ) castanetss can digest about 700 to 1,900 lbs of force. The dorsum of the skull can manage around 1,440 lbs of force. The castanetss of the face and cheek are less tolerant, standing forces of merely 280 to 520 lbs. From this, we can see that the impact that caput can defy is differ from the impact that encephalon can defy. Skull is a really strong bone in our skeletal system. But, caution measure besides needed to be done particularly after the caput operation.

Harmonizing to the Journal of Prosthetic and Orthotic entitled “ The Use of Postoperative Cranial Orthoses in the Management of Craniosynostosis ” by William J. Barringer, caput helmet or cranial orthoses was being widely used in kid rehabilitation after holding a caput surgery of the job craniosynostosis that is a status for cranial malformation that can be straight related to the premature closing of cranial suturas. Harmonizing to the author, the cause of the job is still unknown. While in the other Journal of Prosthetic and Orthotic entitled “ An Overview of Positional Plagiocephaly and Cranial Remolding Orthoses ” by Deanna Fish and Dulcey Lima, said that plagiocephaly is a status of abnormalcies of babe caput due to pre-natal and post-natal forces exerted to the caput of the babe makes the baby caput expression Wyrd. The causes of these job are varied like the caput could be shape like that before birth ( that is still in the uterus ) , the place of the babe during slumber that make some distortion force, the premature birth of the babe and possibly the supine place of the babe during daylight besides can do this job.

Both of these jobs involve caput remodification. For plagioencephaly, the method to reconstruct back the caput is by utilizing a caput helmet or cranial remolding orthoses. It was being called “ Cranial remolding techniques ” . This technique was being applied by screen all the countries that need to be curb by a stuff and allows infinite in countries where growing is to be encouraged to advance the coveted caput form. The stuff being used to cover the caput is frequently built like caput helmet but non every bit thick as the normal helmet. The illustration of the stuff is polypropylene. While craniosynostotis involved caput surgery to determine back their caput. Often besides used as a intervention after the surgery is the caput orthoses. Harmonizing to William J. Barringer, the patient that used the orthoses after the surgery more likely to hold the form of the caput about regained normal. Harmonizing to the writer, based on the study that he had made, he concluded that many advantages that the patient can acquire by seting on these ortoses after caput surgey for craniosnostotis patients like it appears that orthoses can be used to widen the rectification gained in surgery or to protect against arrested development to the presurgical deformit. It is besides evident that age, badness of malformation, type of malformation, surgical process, physician penchant, and bone healing drama of import functions in finding the overall result and decision-making. Harmonizing to the writer besides, there are many ways, stuff and form of the caput orthoses can be made. An illustration is a caput orthoses that utilizing decompression sicknesss stuffs that attach the portion together.

While the writers for the “ An Overview of Positional Plagiocephaly and Cranial Remolding Orthoses ” article said that many different orthotic designs have been developed during the last 20 old ages to efficaciously turn to this patient population. Whether the design is active or inactive in nature, stiff or flexible, hinged or circumferential, the basic rule of all cranial remolding orthoses is to make a tract for symmetrical growing to happen. The writers besides quoted that there are several ways to do the cranial orthoses. A dramatis personae or 3-dimensional image of the baby ‘s caput is acquired. The theoretical account is modified to full or partial symmetricalness, depending upon the badness of the status, design of the orthoses, and protocols of the handling orthotist. Mild and moderate dissymmetries may be modified to full symmetricalness while terrible distortions may necessitate progressive accommodations to the interior surface of the orthoses to obtain full symmetricalness throughout the class of the intervention plan. Orthotic designs including chinstraps are likely to be less confidant at the initial adjustment, leting for normal growing to follow the internal contours of the orthoses. To day of the month, there is no grounds that any one orthotic design provides better results than another. Symmetrical growing is achieved by consistent rating and accommodations to the orthoses based upon the kid ‘s caput form and growing forms. Translational motions of the cranial castanetss are to be expected and frequent rating will guarantee entire contact over outstanding countries and supply countries of alleviation over down countries. Circumferential growing is accommodated by the remotion or recontouring of stuff and extra stuff may be strategically added to supply entire contact and to stabilise the orthoses on the baby ‘s caput. It is highly of import for the orthoses to be exhaustively cleaned each twenty-four hours to forestall bacterial build-up and jobs with scalp roseolas. Air holes are normally added to assist disperse heat every bit good as to help in the rating of the tantrum of the braincase to the interior surface of the orthoses.

Due to it ‘s functional as regain caput form, the cranial orthoses theoretical account had to be some kind of medical device that should non impact the patient in bad ways. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration ( FDA ) has certain facet that cranial reconstructing orthoses and other medical device maker had to go through before patients can used their theoretical account in United State of America. To obtain clearance, makers are required to explicate the design of the merchandise ( s ) , how they are intended to work, and how they are manufactured. They are besides required to depict the intervention protocols, supply appropriate labeling, and market the devices for merely sanctioned utilizations. All makers must undergo regular FDA audits of their installations and must follow with the Medical Device Reporting demands to describe any device failure that could take to serious hurt or decease. This is being taken from Journal of Prosthetic and Orthotic entitled “ FDA Regulation of Cranial Remodeling Devices ” by Timothy R. Littlefield.

2.2 Disadvantages of The Older Design

While cranial remolding orthoses is for kids, others research had been done to do cranial orthoses for needed patient after caput surgery whether the patients is kids or grownups. The design should be lightweight, effectual and protect the caput better. Harmonizing to Journal of Prosthetic and Orthotic entitled “ Development of a Modular Design, Custom-Fitted Protective Helmet ” by Steve Ryan, Greg Belbin, Mendal Slack, Stephen Naumann and Rod Moran, stated that the new design by them trough this undertaking should be assign because there are many disadvantages of the already have design like:

Commercial helmets protect the braincase but leave the facial country, peculiarly the mentum and unwritten construction, vulnerable. Commercial face shields could supply the excess protection, but they may hinder vision and add to a “ caged in ” feeling. In add-on, because of a face shield ‘s distant arrangement, it could lend to make out hurt if caught on a stationary object during a autumn.

Normally commercial helmets are designed with airing slots and line drive chilling waies, which are conduits for forced air motion through the helmet. Cooling occurs as the wearer moves. This signifier of airing is inefficient for the handicapped population since, for the most portion, they move at or below normal walking velocity.

Suspension in commercial headwear is provided chiefly by a chin cup attached to the helmet by straps, which are tightened to forestall helmet motion. Changeless force per unit area applied to the mentum could take to orthodontic jobs, peculiarly in the turning kid.

Because of these, they proposed new design for the cranial orthoses. Their design is chiefly focused of three parts of the caput that are anterior subdivision, posterior subdivision and chin defender. Each portion are fabricated from polythene froth with the outside is difficult polythene while the anterior is low-density polythene froth. They fabricate the orthoses and made a study of it. The consequence from the study is the research helmet was found to be an orthotic device that could be readily dispensed in a clinical scene in one assignment. On norm, it required two hours to mensurate, measure and suit a topic. The undertaking orthotists felt that, with experience, the helmet could be fitted in less than two hours except in instances where particular alterations were required. The orthotists remarked on the easiness with which they could distribute the helmet utilizing the specially designed gigues and fixtures provided. No major proficient jobs or mechanical failures were identified during the helmets ‘ post-trial rating. This is being sited on their article.

2.3 Drumhead

Last but non least, we proposed the rubric of our clinical undertaking “ Post-OP Protection Helmet ” to assist patients head after surgery minimise the hazard of reinjuring their caput due to possible autumn during acute period. Several factors like Post-traumatic, ictus, confusion, agitation and instability can take to strike harding their caput accidently at the skull defect site. With this device, patient can protect their caput particularly. For our design, we applied the basic constructs of technology like the constructs of energy soaking up and burden distribution and besides biomechanics application.

Chapter 3: Methodology

3.1 Technique used

There are two ways of technique we performed our undertaking. First, we used AutoCAD Engineering package to plan the form of the helmet. We used this package because it can execute the form clearly and do the 3D dimension. We have to see the convenience and the cosmetically acceptable standards during the design procedure.

Following, we do the research on the stuffs for protection helmet which will be industry. We had referred to the diaries and related mention books. The stuff must fulfill the ASTM criterion, such as tensile strength, scratchy opposition, immature modulus and others. In add-on, the stuff should easy manufacture and lower cost.

The method we use to construct the outer shell is fictile injection casting, this method is use the plastic from pellets or granules and heat it until melt. Then we push the thaw into a split-die cast where can chill it at the form design. Finally we open the cast and take out the portion, the rhythm is reiterating. The wall thickness is a of import key to utilize under this method, because the midst wall will take more clip to chill and it will hold greater the shrinkage, but if the wall is thin so it will chill faster, the less shrinkage. And we will utilize a boring machine to do some hole to allow the air can drift out from the protective helmet.

For the informations aggregation, we compare mechanical belongingss, physical belongingss, thermic belongingss and chemical opposition between several polymers. From the comparison, we had chosen the polycarbonate as the outer surface of the POST-OP Protection Helmet because they are easy worked, moulded, thermoformed and good in mechanical belongingss. However, for the inner cushioning, we choose EVA ( Ethylene vinyl ethanoate ) because light weight, easy to model, odorless, calendered coating, and cheaper compared to natural gum elastic. It is good for slowing impact energy.

3.2 Properties of the Material

Properties of the outer shell

Density

0.0397-0.0484 lb/in3

Water Absorption

0.05-0.7 %

Hardness, Rockwell R

108-122

Tensile Strength, Ultimate

5800-12500 pounds per square inch

Charpy Impact

20.5-37.6 ft-lb/in2

Oxygen Index

21-34 %

Processing Temperature

473-585A°F

Table 3.1

Properties of the inner embroidering

Specific Density

0.93

TENSILE STRENGTH ( pounds per square inch )

2000

COMPRESSION STRENGTH ( pounds per square inch )

1450

IMPACT ( IZOD ft. lbs/in )

Niobium

Hardness

R40

Table 3.2

Figure 3.1 Plastic injection casting machine

The stuff we choose to utilize for the outer shell is Polycarbonate Resin Thermoplastic 3414 ( 40 % GF ) . The belongingss of the stuff below this tabular array:

Young ‘s modulus, pounds per square inch

Shear modulus, pounds per square inch

Mass denseness, lb/in3

Thermal exp coef, 1in/in/F

Ultimate tensile, pounds per square inch

1400000

319000

0.05495

9.30E-06

27000

Ultimate compressive, pounds per square inch

Ultimate shear, pounds per square inch

Thermal conduction, Btuin/hrft2F

Specific heat, Btu/lb/F

21000

11000

1.53

0.25

Table 3.3

This stuff has good conduction compare to other stuff like Polycarbonate Resin Thermoplastic 3413 ( 30 % GF ) . So we choose this stuff.

3.3 The Design of the Protection Helmet

Figure 3.2: Top position sutures Figure 3.3: Side position suturas

From the image above, that was several type of lesion, the design of the protective helmet should non reach with the wound portion and supply airing for air circulation to faster the lesion healing. The particular of our design is the professionals working with patients necessitating caput coverage after surgery can put positioning tablets around the interior of the clear shell. In an country of recent surgery illustration, tablets would be topographic point around a lesion or surgical site to maintain helmet shell elevated and off from the affected country. Clear polycarbonate shell, edged with soft froth is so lined with self adhesive froth tablets in assorted thicknesses, and airing holes are added. Suggestions for arrangement of the tablets are included with the helmet. The helmet is made from thermoplastics polymer stuff that lightweight, lower cost, and has many high mechanical belongingss. The benefit of the transparent outer shell design is allows better supervising of the underlying lesion and skull defect. The stuff is important factor to this helmet because patient with caput surgery need something that can experience really comfy to their caput. Material with least dense with be an amazing pick for them. The helmet besides needs to hold good mechanical belongingss to increase wear opposition. The helmet should be non has low strength and low hardness. The needed for these higher mechanical belongingss is to give protection of the caput of the patients in scratchy environment. We should cognize that patients can be really nerve-racking and lost control after a major caput surgery. This is particularly true in traumatic encephalon hurt patients. They can slam their caput to walls and the helmet should defy the forces from the banging in order to protect the caput. So, in overall, the both stuff for inner and outer parts of the helmet were made from a really good mechanical belongingss polymers.

Chapter 4: Consequence

4.1 Physical Architecture

The design and chosen stuff was refer to functional, dependable, safety and dearly-won. As we approached the information technique given by the ASTM criterion this outcomes design would give really of import benefits to us. Besides that, this most suited stuff is to cut down the per centum of hurt by the patient.

The design we come out besides really of import, the outer surface stuff is difficult, and the inner is comfy and can absorb the high impact. The outer surface of the protection helmet utilizing clear polycarbonate shell is easy to manufacture by the applied scientists. This outer surface gives the superior safety effectivity to the patient.

Figure 4.1: Feature of Post-OP Protection Helmet Design

4.2 Logical Architecture

From this post-Op helmet, the patient should mention by their physician what sort of form or where to set the EVA ( Ethylene vinyl ethanoate ) for interior surface on helmet as non to reach with the lesion. The interior surface had a hollow portion to avoid contact to the lesion.

The airings on the outer helmet help the air traveling in to reach the surface lesion. This would assist the lesion mending more fasters. This besides makes the patient caput non experience hot and trapped with unwanted air therefore do the caput ‘s skin get irritated.

On the other manus, this helmet will give the astonishing comfort, rugged lastingness, lightweight safety and stay-put in usage tantrum. The helmet would work great for patients post-surgery and the conformity is would be fantastic.

Chapter 5: Decision

Our design has many benefits to post-surgery patient throughout the universe based on the advantages like:

The helmet is made from thermoplastics polymer stuff that lightweight, lower cost, and has many high mechanical belongingss. The stuff is important factor to this helmet because patient with caput surgery need something that can experience really comfy to their caput. Material with least dense with be an amazing pick for them. The helmet besides needs to hold good mechanical belongingss to increase wear opposition. The helmet should be non has low strength and low hardness. The needed for these higher mechanical belongingss is to give protection of the caput of the patients in scratchy environmentWe should cognize that patients can be really nerve-racking and lost control after a major caput surgery. This is particularly true in traumatic encephalon hurt patients. They can slam their caput to walls and the helmet should defy the forces from the banging in order to protect the caput. So, in overall, the both stuff for inner and outer parts of the helmet were made from a really good mechanical belongingss polymers.

The design of the helmet besides makes a really good belongingss and advantage for the patient. The design of the helmet is airing, decorative acceptable and functional.

It views same form as our human caput form. So that, the patient can continue their normal life without. Strap was adjustable, in instance of exigency, the strap can be easy take and unlock. At the ear portion, the portion was uncover, so it was convenience to hearing and really comfy.

Chapter 6: Discussion

The Post -op protection helmet is usage to protect the patient from caput hurt after caput surgery. Some of these have a high hazard of falling due to multiple medical complication station – op. Re-bleeding is the major complication and can do farther neurological impairment.

When the helmet collide something, inside the protective helmet have EVA ( Ethylene vinyl ethanoate ) , it will absorb the energy green goods from the hit and the EVA can increase the clip between caput and the outer shell hit, so the energy will hit the helmet will diminish and can protect the caput from the hurt.

And the outer shell will hold some holes so inside the protective helmet will air out and the patient will experience more fresh and comfy. The outer shell is color lupus erythematosus is because like can allow other people easy to cognize the caput status, so can corroborate inside the protective helmet is safe.

Chapter 7: BIBILOGRAPHY:

Barringer, William J. ( 2004 ) . The Use of Postoperative Cranial Orthoses in the Management of Craniosynostosis. Journal of Prosthetic and Orthotic, 4S ( 16 ) , 56-58. Retrieved September 9, 2009 from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.oandp.org/jpo/library/2004_04S_056.asp

Fish, D. & A ; Lima, D. ( 2003 ) . An Overview of Positional Plagiocephaly and Cranial Remolding Orthoses. Journal of Prosthetic and Orthotic, 2 ( 15 ) , 37-47. Retrieved September 9, 2009 from hypertext transfer protocol: // World Wide Web. oandp.org/jpo/library/2003_02_037.asp

Ryan, S. , Belbin, G. , Slack, M. , Naumann, S. , & A ; Moran, D. ( 1992 ) . Development of a Modular Design, Custom-Fitted Protective Helmet. Journal of Prosthetic and Orthotic, 4 ( 4 ) , 213-218. Retrieved September 9, 2009 from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.oandp.org/ jpo/library/1992_04_213.asp

Chapter 8: Rehabilitation Medicine Unit

8.1 History

The Department of Rehabilitation Medicine started as a subdivision of the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery in 1965 under the headship of Professor Dr. J.F. Silva. Servicess provided were general physical therapy, general occupational therapy and orthopedic contraptions service. The return of UM ‘s innovator Rehabilitation Physician from University of London in 1984, Dr. Zaliha Omar became a starting point for the development of rehabilitation services in the UMMC every bit good as in Malaysia.

The first service to be introduced was the Rehabilitation Medicine audience service which provided adept audiences in the Fieldss of general rehabilitation. In add-on, Rehabilitation Medicine was introduced as a topic in the undergraduate medical course of study in 1984.

In May 1995, the demand to get down Masters in Rehabilitation Medicine and Masters in Sports and Rehabilitation Medicine necessitated the displacement of the rehabilitation subdivision, from the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery to the Department of Allied Health Sciences and known as the Rehabilitation Sciences Unit. The Department of Allied Health Sciences so comprised of 2 units ie the Biomedical Science Unit and the Nursing Sciences Unit.

By so, the range of rehabilitation services along with the promotion in engineering and increasing patient demand ; saw a paradigm displacement from being a general rehabilitation service supplier to a specialised rehabilitation medical specialty service supplier which emphasized on a multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary squad attack. The first such service to be introduced was the Neuromedical Rehabilitation Service in 1991. This was followed by Spinal Rehabilitation ( 1992 ) , Upper Limb and Hand Rehabilitation ( 1992 ) and Burns Rehabilitation ( 1992 ) . The unit so went on to develop other specialised services and go on to upgrade bing services.

These include Paediatric Neurodevelopmental Rehabilitation ( 1995 ) , Prosthetic & A ; Orthotic Management Service, Wheelchair Management Service ( 1995 ) , Amputee Rehabilitation ( 1996 ) , Sports Rehabilitation ( 1998 ) , Work Rehabilitation ( 1998 ) , Wound Management and Diabetic Footcare ( 1998 ) , Geriatric Rehabilitation ( 1999 ) , Alternate Approaches to Rehabilitation Medicine ( Acupuncture Service ) in 1999, Neurosurgical Rehabilitation ( 2002 ) , Women ‘s Health ( 2002 ) , Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation ( 2003 ) and Cardiac Rehabilitation ( 2006 ) .

The Rehabilitation Sciences Unit of the Department of Allied Health Sciences under the headship of Assoc Prof Dr. Zaliha Omar initiated 2 really of import academic programmes in the state viz. the Maestro of Sport Medicine and Rehabilitation in 1996 and Master of Rehabilitation Medicine in 1997. The early yearss of carry oning 2 new programmes in comparatively unknown Fieldss posed legion challenges but the unit received first-class support from assorted parties ; other sections within the module every bit good as from the international arena.A

One of the valuable parts was from Professor Balasubramaniam from the National University of Singapore who was antecedently Head of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya from 1979 – 1982. Professor Bala was appointed Visiting Professor to the unit from 1997 to 2000 and as Chair for Tun Siti Hasmah ‘s Chair for Rehabilitation and Sport Medicine from 2000 until 2003. The Rehabilitation Medicine Unit was besides really fortunate to hold coaction with the University of Melbourne and 13 of its trainees underwent elected preparation of 6 to 12 months in Melbourne, Australia in assorted Fieldss in rehabilitation medical specialty as portion of the 4 twelvemonth Masterss programme.

The Rehabilitation Sciences Unit produced its first alumnuss in 2001, and to day of the month hold produced 17 rehabilitation doctors in Malaysia.

The unit has besides grown, from a one-person show ie Assoc Prof Dr. Zaliha Omar in the 80s and subsequently in 1994 united by Dr. Tunku Nor Taayah Tunku Zubir who left in 2001, it now has 6 academic staff and 1 trainee lector.

The twelvemonth 2005 saw the retirement of UM ‘s every bit good as Malaysia ‘s rehabilitation medical specialty icon, Assoc Prof Dato ‘ Dr. Zaliha Omar from the academic sphere. However she still liberally contributes her clip to instruction and clinical work in UMMC as a visiting adviser.

Current and Future Developments

With the advancement and enlargement of the unit in both the academic and clinical Fieldss, the Rehabilitation Sciences Unit put up a proposal in 2006 for the formation of the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, a clinical section which is involved in instruction, clinical service and research.

With the formation of the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and the formalisation of the amalgamation of its academic ( FOM ) and clinical services ( UMMC ) it is hoped that the field of Rehabilitation Medicine and its multidisciplinary constituents is better understood and its image and map more outstanding.

Apart from beef uping and optimising current clinical services, the section besides plans to present new services every bit good as collaborate with other sections in the countries of vestibular rehabilitation, pneumonic rehabilitation, chronic hurting direction, rheumatological rehabilitation, lymphoedema direction service and others.

As rehabilitation medical specialty is a multidisciplinary subject, the section has put in its long-run planning, academic programmes in the countries of Prostheticss and Orthotics ( in coaction with Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya ) , Occupational Therapy, Physiotherapy and other related Fieldss.

The section presently has 20 trainees in rehabilitation medical specialty who go through a 4 twelvemonth clinical maestro programme which besides incorporates a research constituent.

With the enlargement of clinical services and the increasing figure of trainees in the Maestro of Rehabilitation Medicine programme, the section is invariably reenforcing its module and other staff members. The section is besides really fortunate to be identified for farther development in the signifier of a one-stop comprehensive rehabilitation medical specialty composite in the 9th Malaysia Plan.

8.2 Introduction of Department of Rehabilitation Medicine

The Department of Rehabilitation Medicine was formed as portion of the overall development of Faculty of Medicine and University of Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur for the intent of supplying clinical services in rehabilitation medical specialty and to supply preparation in the assorted Fieldss of rehabilitation medical specialty.

Apart from supplying a comprehensive rehabilitation medical specialty service affecting Rehabilitation Physicians, Medical Trainees in Rehabilitation Medicine, Physiotherapists, Occupational Therapists, Nurses and Medical Social Workers, the section is actively involved in the instruction of Undergraduate and Postgraduate Medical Trainees, Undergraduate Nursing Students, Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy Students from the Ministry of Health, MARA University of Technology every bit good as private academic establishments.

Continuing Professional Development of our multidisciplinary squad members is a regular activity of the section. Updates in Medical Rehabilitation are organised on a regular basis for our staff every bit good as relevant parties from outside the UMMC. All classs of staff have ample chance to take part in their several professional development through conferences every bit good as classs locally and internationally.

8.4 Vision

The vision of the section is to go the Centre of excellence in activities for the proviso of services, instruction, preparation and research in rehabilitation medical specialty and in all associated fortes.

8.5 Mission

The Rehabilitation Medicine Unit patterns multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary squad attack for patient direction and demand a comprehensive and a holistic attention based on the single demands of a patient.

The section besides considers its mission to be the Centre for go oning instruction, preparation and care of professional criterions for Doctors and Health Professionals of assorted fortes associated with rehabilitation medical specialty.

To play a catalystic function in research and development of rehabilitation medical specialty in University of Malaya and the state.

8.6 Servicess

8.61 Clinical Servicess

There includes: General Services, Rehabilitation Medicine Consultation, Physiotherapy, Occupational Therapy and Wheelchair Management Service

8.62 Specialized Services

There includes:

Forte Clinics – Rehabilitation Medicine Consultation

Neuro-surgical Rehabilitation

Neuro-medical Rehabilitation

Diabetic Footcare and Wound Management Consultation

Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation

Amputee Rehabilitation

Paediatric Neurodevelopmental Rehabilitation

Geriatric Rehabilitation

Sports Rehabilitation

Upper Limb and Hand Rehabilitation

Nathan birnbaums Rehabilitation

Diabetic Footcare and Wound Management

Orthotics and Prostheticss

Pre-Driving Appraisal

Work Resettlement

Psychosocial Rehabilitation

Swallowing

Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation

Scoliosis

Women ‘s Health

Cardiac Rehabilitation

Wheelchair Seating Clinic

Vestibular Rehabilitation

8.7 Support Group Activities

Apart from supplying the nucleus rehabilitation services, the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine is besides involved in co-ordinating assorted activities such as the followers:

Stroke Support Group

Amputee Support Group

Active Spinal Rehabilitation Camp

Paediatric Support Group

Cerebral Palsy Network

Persatuan Douglas Bader Kuala Lumpur

8.8 Medical Rehabilitation Welfare Fund

In position of the pressing demand for fiscal aid in buying AIDSs and equipment every bit good as other general demands for the under-privileged patients, the Medical Rehabilitation Fund was established on 8 January 1999. For farther information with respects to part in monies and sorts to the Medical Rehabilitation Fund, the Operations Chairperson ( Mr. Soh Say Beng ) can be contacted at 03-79492594.