Modernism Society was influenced by a number

Modernism is a literary and cultural movement which appeared in the 20th century. Society was influenced by a number of important changes, from scientific discoveries to better knowing the Universe. The two major attitudes that influenced the Modern Age were:
-trusting the human knowledge (reason)
-Individuality and free will (rationality) –the ability to change one’s life, to choose the right strategy to get the best profit, a more dynamic life. Self-reliability – not depending on someone, making your own way depending on your own choices and abilities: real choices, political, personal, economic etc.
However, during Modernism, people started to be against the idea of reason. The modernist revolts against the Enlightenment which was obsessed with reason. The 20th century literature explores the irrationality. This movement was influenced by great thinkers like Charles Darwin, James Frazer (3 major stages in the evolution of mankind: magic, religion, science) and Sigmund Freud.
Modernism rejects materialism, selfishness and pragmatism and bases on irrational attitudes. In this way, it encourages responsibility, feelings, sympathy, empathy, intuition and caring for one another as human being as meaning more than reason. According to them, modernity made people fall apart, become suspicious and envious.
-intertextuality (Eliot)
-stream of consciousness (Eliot, Woolf, Joyce)
-rediscovery of the myths