Historical Places In Antigua Guatemala History Essay

Some historical topographic points in Guatemala are: Antigua, Guatemala, the Basilica of Esquipulas, San Andres Xecul Church, Tikal and its five celebrated pyramids.

One of the historical topographic points in Guatemala was known as Antigua Guatemala, or La Antigua. It was repeatedly damaged by temblors and the Antiguenos would ever reconstruct. Every clip that they would reconstruct they would reconstruct it bigger and better. On July 29th, 1773, temblors brought so much devastation that the King of Spain allowed them to travel their capital to safer and safer land. This led to the initiation, in 1776, of contemporary Guatemala City. Antigua was easy falling apart but they ne’er abandoned. Today it is called the Monumental Bougainvillea-Draped Ruins, and it is preserved and restored into Spanish Colonial Public Buildings and Private Mansions. These give signifier, appeal, and love affair to a metropolis. On the east side of the Plaza de Armas was a great Cathedral. The immense edifice replaced an earlier cathedral that they began constructing in 1542 and they worked on it for many old ages. Many remembered people from the Conquest were buried here: Bernal Diaz del Castillo, the remains of Don Pedro de Alvarado. The Reconstruction ended in the 1820 ‘s, and this was besides when the cathedral was converted into a parish church. In the centre of Plaza de Armas stands a really celebrated and astonishing fountain. Designed in 1739, the Fountain of the Sirens is one of the many astonishing principals of the place and courtyards. These fountains were H2O supplies for the people and it even serves as a H2O supply for those that live into the present century. On the north side of Plaza de Armas stands the Ayuntamiento or metropolis hall. This edifice was hardly damaged by the 1773 temblors. Today it has two museums, the Museo de Santiago and the Museo del Libro Antiguo. The Museum of Old Books is located in the chief portion of the Ayuntamiento. Off of the southeast corner of the Plaza de Armasvis the entry to Universidad de San Carlos when the university was moved to this site. The edifice survived the 1773 temblor in reasonably good status, but by the terminal of the eighteenth century it was had been worked on to look better. The edifice was built in 1832 when it was turned into a public school.

Basilica of Esquipulas

Called the “ religious centre of Central America ” , the Basilica of Esquipulas attracts many pilgrims to its astonishing statue of the Black Christ carved in 1595. The statue of the Black Christ was specially built by Spanish conquistadors for a church. It was carved by Quirio Catano in Antigua and was put in the church in 1595. This statue had attracted many Numberss of pilgrims every twelvemonth. The history of this statue begins in 1735. A priest named Father Pedro Pardo de Figueroa had discovered an astonishing remedy after praying before this statue. When he became the Archbishop of Guatemala, he ordered that a beautiful church was built to shelter the statue. This church was completed in 1759. Besides, in 2009 jubilations were held show that the statue had now been standing for 250 old ages since the building. The town of Esquipulas is located in sou’-east Guatemala by the boundary lines with Honduras and El Salvador. A beautiful construction painted with a glittering white, the basilica is the chief portion of the town ‘s skyline. It has besides survived many temblors over the old ages with small to no amendss. The Black Christ, named for the dark wood from which it was carved, is held in a glass instance on an communion table at the east terminal of the basilica. A big statue that shows Christ enduring on the cross to salvage is people from wickedness. Pilgrims stand in a line along the west side of the church to see this statue up near. After sing the statue and stating their supplications, they back off from it on the other side, because they believe turning their dorsum on this hold symbol will give them bad fortune, or that their supplications will non be difficult by Christ.

San Andres Xecul Church

A little small town in the Western Highlands of Guatemala, this church is home to a surprisingly painted Catholic church with many intriguing Mayan and Christian images. The founding day of the month of this church is unknown, but there is a cross on it that dates 1900 to 1901. The church has an unusual dome painted in colourful with chevrons about like a beach ball, but the high spot is the bright yellow with which some 200 painted sculptures of human figures, angels, monkeys, fruit, maize, and quetzel bird ‘s dance. The overall design is based upon the huipils that were worn by the adult females, and the two panthers at the top represent the twin heroes of the Mayan Bible, the Popol Vuh ( the Popol Vuh was lost for many old ages and it was rediscovered. The Popol Vuh is the creative activity narrative of the Mayan faith centre. ) Inside the church there are tonss of tapers, really bloodstained images of Christ, and there are besides pendants made from glass rocks and coins. The small town of San Andres Xecul is an of import centre for all of the people that believe in the traditional Mayan faith.

Tikal

Tikal was a Mayan metropolis that was established around 700 AD in modern twenty-four hours Guatemala, Tikal is best known for its five towering pyramids and of the environing rain forest. Tikal was first built in the Middle Formative Period of Mayan history, when it was foremost built it was merely a little small town. In the Late Formative Period, it had become an of import ceremony centre and a legion sum of pyramids and temples were constructed. The first opinion of Tikal was established by Yax Ehb ‘ Xok between 100 and 200 AD. These periods were named into a figure of consecutive epochs or periods. The metropolis of Tikal was progressively uprising in the Late Authoritative Time period. It had reached its extremum around 700 AD when about 10,000 people lived in the metropolis centre and 50,000 more lived and watched outlying countries. Most of the ruins that are still seeable today were built in a period when the art, architecture, farming, composing and metropolis planning was exceptionally advanced in Tikal. The ceremonial centre began to worsen after 800 AD. The population was at diminution in its artistic quality. This cause is non known for certain, but it was likely related to slightly to the clime alterations that might hold including a major drouth. The last dated memorial at Tikal day of the months from 889. By the tenth century this site was abandoned by all of the Mayan people. The Mayan metropolis, over clip, fell back into the jungle and was about wholly disregarded, except for some fables that have lived among the native people. It was discovered once more by accident in 1848 by Ambrosio Tut. Tikal was designed as a National Monument in 1931 and a National Park in 1955. It was besides used as a base for the Rebels in the original Star Wars film in 1977 and became a World Heritage Site in 1979. Tikal National Park contains an astonishing 3,000 constructions, many which remain. There are temples that inscribed with hieroglyphs, grave, and residential edifices.

The Five Pyramids of Tikal

Number

Name

Date

Height

Location

Features

I

Temple of the Jaguar

c.721

148 foot

Great Plaza

Grave of Hasaw Chan K’awil

Two

Temple of the Masks

c.715

138 foot

Great Plaza

Ascendable for all right positions

Three

Pyramid III

c.810

180 foot

West of West Plaza

Unexcavated and non open to visitants

Four

Temple of the Two-Headed Snake

741

213 foot

End of the Tozzer Causeway

Tallest pyramid at Tikal, with best positions

Volt

Pyramid V

600-650

187 foot

Near Plaza of the Seven Temples

Oldest at Tikal ; to the full restored and ascendable

One of the temples was called the Temple of the Jaguar it was built shortly after the decease of King Hasaw Chan K’awil to keep his grave. This pyramid was built by his replacement but was likely planned by the male monarch before his decease. This pyramid gets its name from a panther sculpture on its door, but which has now been placed in a museum in Basel, Switzerland.

The 2nd pyramid which is known as the Temple of the Masks is called this because of the weather-beaten masks that are still along the cardinal staircase. There has been no grave found in the pyramid so far, but they think it was built for the married woman of Hasaw Chan K’awil a few old ages earlier than the Pyramid of the Jaguar. The two pyramids were intended to be a duplicate brace, and they were besides the same tallness before Pyramid II lost its roof comb.

Pyramid Three has small information because the pyramid has yet to been excavated and it is besides non unfastened to any visitants.

The 4th pyramid is called the Temple of the Two-Headed Serpent. It is the tallest pyramid at Tikal, it is able to be climbed and it is said to hold astonishing positions for the people. They are non certain what this pyramid was built for. They think that it may be a grave for one of Hasaw Chan K’awil ‘s boies.

The fifth and last pyramid is the tallest construction at Tikal, it was built in 741 AD and it was likely built as the burial memorial of Yik’in Chan K’awil, he was the boy of Hasaw Chan K’awil. It had beautiful carved wooden headers, which are now displayed in museum. It is topped with the Temple of the Two-Headed Serpent. This temple may be climbed and there are ladders attached to the sides so that the people that are sing may be able to see the finest positions at Tikal.

There are many more historical topographic points in Guatemala, but most say that the Temples of Tikal are the best to see.