TitleExamining Different Arguments Related to the Choice of a Career Assessment Part A: Critically Evaluating an Argument Build your mindmap. Arts and Sciences (Advantage): Lots of flexibility in career choices: Overgeneralization Arts and Sciences (Disadvantage): Leads to a career in food service – ‘Do you want fries with that? : Irrational Appeal Education (Advantage): The best way to make a difference in the world: Overgeneralization Education (Disadvantage): Guaranteed low paying job: Either/Or Thinking Nursing (Advantage): People always will need nurses: Logically Sound Nursing (Disadvantage): Too much schooling (according to Theo, the Law student): Double Standard Information Systems and Technology (Advantage): No other degree concentration is as innovative (according to Grace): Irrational Appeal Information Systems and Technology (Disadvantage): Too limited in scope for much advancement in business situation (according to Ritesh): Logically Sound Business (Advantage): Infinite career options (according to Ritesh): Logically Sound Business (Disadvantage): Boring work, stuck behind a desk all day: Oversimplifying Health and Human Services (Advantage): All the benefits of Arts and Sciences, but vastly more focused and relevant: Logically Sound Health and Human Services (Disadvantage): Job options are all in very un-creative fields. : Irrational Appeal Assessment Part B: Articulating the Steps Involved in Evaluating an Argument Write out the two most compelling arguments you heard that affected your decision. Next, list one that you heard that had a big logical error in it, but which you still thought was important. The two most convincing arguments that were most convincing were the fact that they really hit home.
The first one is the fact that I want to focus on helping others. The second is I achieve all the benefits of an Arts and science degree, but it is more focused and relevant to my counseling career. If this becomes an undesired career for me in the future, I will still have more options. One logical error found was Jobs are all in un-creative fields. This is untrue, an irrational appeal. Were there any errors in truth with that argument? Describe what those errors were, and what made them errors. When this was said, The errors in the argument were carelessly said, and overgeneralized. This was said without enough information, most likely because the person, who said this, did not know the facts.
What about errors of validity? Remember, these are errors in reasoning – and they’re a little harder to understand! Tell me if there are any errors of validity in this argument. The information given to me by other students/peers in this landscape was mostly biased. The biggest error of validity was how the information was presented. Often these people used illegitimate conclusions, such as the field does not pay enough, and will not be able to make their house payment. Revise the argument so that it removes all errors. Restate it in a way that is logically sound. A person thinking about earning a degree in this field should consider all the questions I may have.
Health and Human Services will provide the graduate with the chance to look at the problems, and find solutions to handle the situations that arise. Also the graduate may be able to see how their work effects and helps people. Take a little more time on this one. What it was that led you to choose this degree concentration. Describe both about how you evaluated the arguments and also about what you valued most. I chose the Health and Human field because I feel I will be able to help people, which is a passion of mine, and fits my personality. After evaluating the arguments others gave about their careers were fields with biased information, mostly because they are only educated in their field.
They all made one of the seven errors affecting the truth, in an attempt to make a persuasive argument about his or her degree, and field. I appreciated all of the arguments because I was able to apply all that I have learned in this class and identify the truth and validity, weeding out the unnecessary information. I also learned about the advantages and disadvantages regarding the types of degrees. Assessment Part C: How to Evaluate an Argument Outline the steps for properly evaluating an argument. Step 1: State your argument fully and clearly. Step 2: Examine each part of the argument for errors affecting truth. Step 3: Examine each part of the argument for errors affecting validity. Step 4: Revise the argument to eliminate any errors.