Downfall Of The Tsarist Regime History Essay

Tsar Nicholas II was unprepared for the function as czar and lacked the personal features that were needed to govern Russia later being a major factor that influenced the people determinations and the autumn of the Romanov dynasty. Tsar Nicholas continued to implement the societal and political reforms instituted by his male parent Alexander III which were unpopular with all members of society ; the provincials, labor, middle class and aristocracy. This may hold been due to the fact that Tsar Nicholas II had received small preparation in the personal businesss of Russia and how to run Russia on his ain because his male parent Alexander III believed Nicholas was ‘still perfectly a kid, with childish opinions ‘ . Partially due to his deficiency of political consciousness the czar was uneducated Nicholas continued the repression of the resistance and minority groups for illustration the Judaic pogroms of the late nineteenth century. Marriage to Alexandra caused many of the determinations made by Nicholas to be influenced by Alexandra. The czar was weak and indecisive nevertheless Alexandra was politically and socially awkward ruling Nicholas and being responsible for many of the inappropriate determinations made such as being an enthusiastic advocator in the czars divine right to govern and her belief that it was unneeded to try to procure the blessing of the people as it was more of import to return Russia to pure bossy regulation. It has been noted by many historiographers notably J.N. Westwood that tsar Nicholas cared for his household and his personal features allowed him to be sort and considerate to the his household “ household felicity has ne’er yet saved the dynasty ” . Following on from this Nicholas did non hold an active involvement in the concern country as evidenced by his determination to quash the Jews in the early 1900s who were noted for their concern acumen and were known to excite economic systems in other European states. Nicholas the 2nd sought advice from persons who he like non those who were politically and economically astute such as Sergei Witte the premier curate and issuer of the October pronunciamento.

Another event that influenced the ruin of the Romanov dynasty was the Russo-Japanese war. In Russia before the war there were radical thoughts get downing to act upon the people. The purpose of the war to bring on nationalism within the Russian people and repress the revolutionists ; As Plheve, Minister of interior stated “ we need a small winning war to stem the tide of the revolution ” . Russia was demeaningly defeated in the Russo-Japanese war with the most demeaning licking at Tsushima bay when 24 out of the 27 Russian naval boats were sunk. The failure of the war increased the unrest within Russia and the initial purpose to bring on nationalism had failed. All degrees of society were affected by the war. The many provincials who worked on agrocultiaal farms were draftees within the war which led to nutrient deficits within the metropoliss and countryside. This increased the Russian peoples dissatisfaction with the czar and farther erased the myth of domination started after the licking in the Crimean war. The increased agitation following the licking in the war was one of the major factors taking to the 1905 revolution and finally the ruin of the Romanov government.

The combination of the war and dissatisfaction of the labor led to a important turning point of the ruin of the Romanov government. This was a protest March known as bloody Sunday. This March led by Father Gapon and 130,000 workers of the labor aimed to inquire the czar to in act reforms such as cosmopolitan vote, 8 hr working yearss and better working conditions of the labor. The temper of the protestors and the tone of the request appears to be one that whilst pleading the czar to work out their troubles affecting this development was one of love and kindness as in an infusion of the request male parent Gapon states “ sire. Stand before the people and accept our humblest request. I and my companions guarantee the safety of thy individual ” . This belief and assurance in the czar lasted a comparatively short period as military personnels opened fire on the crowd. The fact that Nicholas the 2nd was non in the winter castle nor had ordered the Cossacks to open fire mattered small as his image and popularity diminished farther. This event was the accelerator for more agitation in the towns and countryside throughout Russia and shows merely how unprepared non merely the czar but the Cossacks were in quellers dissatisfaction. Following the events of bloody Sunday the 1905 revolution later occurred. There were rebellions against landholders by the provincials, 1/3 of the ground forces had mutinies and 1000s work stoppages throughout the imperium. The Russian imperium was easy deteriorating and the events of bloody Sunday and the 1905 revolution that followed was a major factor that hurt the Romanov dynasty ‘s image and finally the government itself.

As a consequence Tsar Nicholas the 2nd reluctantly introduced the October pronunciamento following force per unit area from the Prime Minister Sergei Witte In order to run into the demands of the people to seek and squelch the ruin of the Romanov government. The October manifest offered civil rights and a constitutional assessmebly known as the Duma. The response to the October pronunciamento were varied. The middle class and Cadets saw the Torahs as a promising start to the constitutional monarchy of Russia. The political groups on the extreme left and right saw the pronunciamento as a gambit to reorganize the autarchy and were a manner to deflect the Russian people. In readying for the gap of the first Duma in 1906 the czar issued the cardinal Torahs. These Torahs badly restricted the power of the Duma leting the czar to hold the concluding say on things sing foreign personal businesss and the power to overturn determinations in exigencies. This determination of the czar to make the cardinal Torahs shows that the czar had ne’er the purpose of wholly acquire rid of the Autocratic regulation and he wanted to command and higher power as he wrote to Alexandra in a missive “ I have fundamental law in my caput, but as to my bosom, I spit on it ” . The response to the cardinal Torahs on the other work stoppages and protests throughout the chief metropoliss of Russia. This was a backward measure for Russia and was one of the many lending factors that led to the ruin of the Romanov government.

Throughout the period of 1906 onwards the Dumas met four times. Each clip being dissolved in short periods of clip due to the czar ‘s opposition to alter. The failure of the four Dumas saw the Romanov dynasty decline.After the issue of the October pronunciamento Sergei Witte the primeminister invoved in converting the Tsar was fired as the czar believed he undermined his regulation. This led to the Pytor Stolypin being appointed premier curate. THe purpose of Pytor Stolypin was to supply a balance between the debut of much needed land reforms and the suppression of the groups. The 3rd Duma consisted of chiefly moderate octobrists which meant that many of the Torahs passed during this clip diminished the rights of the labor and the provincials and merely pleased the aristocracy due to the fact is they were the eons with the power. The degrading of the rights for the provincials and the labor such they being forbidden to vote caused turbulence within the workingclass and peasantry countries of society. This led to increased work stoppages and unrest. Pytor Stolypin of assassinated in 1911 due to the agitation and dissatidsfaction of the policies in which the Dumas had issued. The czar wsa unmindful to the concerns this would hold made for the Russian imperium and dynasty. Therefore the failure of the czar ‘s Dumas to make satisfaction among the lower clas ( the peasantry and the labor ) led to the ruin of the Russian imperium and tsarist government.

Overall the combination of events and characteristics within the events that contributed to the ruin were amazing. Many of the events such as the Russo-Japanese war, the failure of the Duma, the 1905 revolution and the failure to delight the Russian populace are all linked back to Tsar Nicholas II determinations. THe accretion of the events over the old ages of Tsar Nicholas II reign finally in the long term led to the autumn of the Romanov Empire and the tsarist government.