Crazy Horse

Crazy Horse (Curly) was definitely a hero not only to his tribe but to many other people. Crazy Horse was groomed according to tribal customs. At this time, the Sioux prided themselves on the training and development of their sons and daughters, and they did not overlook a step in that development. Before he was 12, Curly had killed a buffalo and received his own horse. He witnessed the shooting of an old Sioux chief, Conquering Bear, by white soldiers on the Oregon trail.

Seeing this dying chief set off everything in Crazy Horse’s head. He knew what he wanted to do. On August 19, 1854, he was in Conquering Bears’ camp in northern Wyoming when that Brule leader was killed in the Grattan Massacre, a bloody dispute between Indians and soldiers over a butchered cow. The way of the warrior was a societal role predetermined for males in traditional Lakota life. Following the Grattan Massacre, Crazy Horse, like other young men, set out alone on a Vision Quest. He was not disappointed at all.

He had a vivid dream of a rider in a storm on horseback, with long, unbraided hair, a small stone in his ear, zigzag lightning decorating his cheek, and hail dotting his body. People clutched at the rider, but could not hold him. The storm declined, and a red-backed hawk flew over the rider’s head. When he reported the dream to his father, and the medicine man was consulted, the latter interpreted it as a sign of his son’s future greatness in battle. A very great vision is needed and the man who has it must follow it as the eagle seeks the deepest blue of the sky. He pretty much lived by this quote throughout his life. The following year, he witnessed the destruction of Sioux tepees and belongings by soldiers during General William Harney’s punitive crusade through Sioux territory along the Oregon trail. During his years, he experienced several more exposures about white people, coming from incidents involving the U. S. Army. “Then the Lakotas prefer its enemies! I set my face against this treaty. This is our country… the sacred land of our fathers. I will fight for it… and I will die for it! One such incident involved a retaliation in which the army wiped out most of an unsuspecting Lakota village, killing women and children as well as warriors. At the age of 16, he joined a war party against the Gros Ventres, an offshoot of the Arapaho. He rode well in the front of the army, and immediately established his bravery by closely following Hump, one of the best Sioux warriors — drawing the enemy’s fire and circling around their advance guard. Suddenly Hump’s horse was shot from under him, and a bunch of warriors converged to kill or capture him while down.

Nevertheless, during a shower of arrows, the boy jumped from his horse, helped his friend into his own saddle, jumped up behind him, and carried him off to safety the enemy rode after them. Father Crazy Horse took the name, Worm, after passing his name to his courageous son when he was about 18 years old. His name was Curly the whole time up until now. For the first time, at this age, Crazy Horse rode as an adult warrior in a raid on Crows. Like the rider in his dream, he wore his hair free, a stone earring, and a headdress with a red hawk feather in it.

His face was painted with a lightning bolt, and his body bore hail-like dots. The raid was successful, but Crazy Horse had gotten a wound in the leg. According to his father’s interpretation, he had taken two scalps (unlike the rider in the vision). The warrior became further known to many of the Sioux bands for his courage in the War for the Bozeman Trail of 1866-68 under the Oglala Chief Red Cloud, when the army began to build a road in Powder River country from the Oregon Trail to the goldfields of Montana.

He was one of the young chiefs, along with the Miniconjou Hump and the Hunkpapas Chief Gall, and Chief Rain-In-The-Face, who used decoy strategies against the soldiers. Near Fort Phil Kearny, in what is now north central Wyoming, Crazy Horse participated in the Indian victory known as the Fetterman Fightor massacre. In December 1866, Crazy Horse acted as a decoy leader helping to lure Lt. Colonel William J. Fetterman and 80 soldiers from Fort Phil Kearny into a trap, then defeat by Lakota, Cheyenne, and Arapaho warriors. Crazy Horse became a war leader by his early twenties.

Chief Sitting Bull looked to him as a principal war leader. In fact, he was one of the youngest Lakota men in history to receive one of the highest honors and responsibilities accorded to males: the title of Shirtwearer. Crazy Horse mastered his skills as a guerrilla fighter and studied the ways of his military adversaries. When Red Cloud and Chief Spotted Tail settled on reservation lands following the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868, in which the army agreed to abandon the posts along the Bozeman Trail, Crazy Horse became war chief of the Oglalas, with some of the Brule followers as well.

He gained friends and followers among the Northern Cheyennes through his first marriage to Black Buffalo Woman, a Cheyenne. He later went through two wives and had his third In December 1866, Crazy Horse acted as a decoy leader helping to lure Lt. Colonel William J. Fetterman and 80 soldiers from Fort Phil Kearny into a trap, then utter defeat by Lakota, Cheyenne, and Arapaho warriors. Owing to such deeds, Crazy Horse became a war leader by his mid-twenties. Chief Sitting Bull looked to him as a principal war leader.

In fact, he was one of the youngest Lakota men in memory to receive one of the highest honors and responsibilities accorded to males: the title of Shirtwearer. Crazy Horse honed his skills as a guerrilla fighter and studied the ways of his military adversaries. When Red Cloud and Chief Spotted Tail settled on reservation lands following the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868, in which the army agreed to abandon the posts along the Bozeman Trail, Crazy Horse became war chief of the Oglalas, with some Brule followers as well.

Moreover, he gained friends and followers among the Northern Cheyennes through his first marriage to Black Buffalo Woman, a Cheyenne. He later went through two wives and ended with his third as Nellie Laravie. In March 1876, when General George Crook’s scouts discovered an Indian trail, he sent a detachment under Colonel Joseph Reynolds to locate an Indian camp along the Powder River in southeastern Montana. At dawn on March 17, Reynolds ordered a charge. The Indians retreated to surrounding bluffs and fired at the troops, who burned the village and rounded up the Indian horses.

Crazy Horse regrouped his warriors and, during a snowstorm that night, recaptured the herd. On June 17, 1876, Crazy Horse led an all together group of approximately 1,500 Lakota and Cheyenne in a surprise attack against General George Crook’s force of 1,000 cavalry and infantry, and 300 Crow and Shoshone warriors in the Battle of the Rosebud. Repeated attacks forced Crook’s troops to pull back and retreat. The battle delayed Crook from reinforcing the 7th Cavalry under George A. Custer. After the successful, the Indians then moved their camp to the Bighorn River to join Chief Sitting Bull’s large encampment of Sioux and Cheyenne.

Eight days later, on the Greasy Grass (Little Bighorn) River, he led Lakota and Cheyenne warriors again in a very good victory against George Custer’s 7th Cavalry. On the 25th of June, 1876, the huge great camp was scattered for three miles or more along the level bank of the riverside. Behind a what seemed to be, very thin line of cottonwoods stood five circular groups of teepees, ranging from half a mile to a mile and a half in circumference. Here and there stood out a, white, solitary teepee; these were the lodges or “clubs” of the young men. Crazy Horse was a member of the Strong Hearts and the Fox (Tokala) lodge.

He was watching a game of ring toss, when a warning came from the southern end of the camp of the approach of troops. Although taken by surprise, they instantly responded. Crazy Horse led his men north to cut off Custer and his troops. Crazy Horse and Chief Gall (a chief of the Hunkpapa Sioux) led their warriors in an attack that quickly enveloped Custer’s divided cavalry. There would be damages. When the nomadic hunting bands ignored the order to report to their reservations by January 31, 1876, the military organized a “war” against them. The next autumn and winter, Colonel Nelson A.

Miles led the 5th Infantry in a ruthless pursuit of the Indian bands, wearing them down and making it difficult for them to get food. Crazy Horse received word that if he surrendered, his people would have a reservation of their own in the Powder River country. Before he surrendered, he said, “My lands are where my dead lie buried. ”On May 8, he knew too well that his people were weakened by cold and hunger, so he surrendered to United States soldiers at Fort Robinson on the Red Cloud Agency in northwestern Nebraska. In September 1877, Crazy Horse’s wife became critically ill, and Dr.

Valentine McGillycuddy went to his camp to treat her. Crazy Horse then decided to take her to her parents at Spotted Tail agency. He left the reservation without permission, so General Crook,(fearing that he was plotting a return to battle) ordered him to be arrested. Crazy Horse did not resist arrest at first, but when he realized that he was being led to a guardhouse, he began to struggle, and while one of the arresting officers held his arms, a soldier ran him through with a bayonet. Crazy Horse had signed any treaties, and he surrendered only because he did not want his followers to suffer depravation, cold, and hunger.

Except for Gall and Sitting Bull, he was the last important chief to yield. Personal Evaluation I think Crazy Horse was one crazy Indian leader. He was fearless. He stuck up for his tribe and others. He never let them down. I believe he was a true hero to himself, his people, and his fellow chiefs. He would not let them down by any means. As soon as he seen the murder of Conquering Bear the light went on in his head and he knew right then what he wanted to do. Not only that but his vision helped him out a lot also. He fought for the traditions and what he knew was wrong or what was right.

He fought his heart and soul for his people. I do believe that history has underrated him just a bit. If it wasn’t for him his tribe would have been long gone when the Americans came in to kill them. Of course he wasn’t a hero to the Americans then but he is a hero to the Sioux tribe and Indians themselves. Crazy Horse and his band of Oglala on their way from Camp Sheridan to surrender to General Crook at Red Cloud Agency, Sunday, May 6, 1877 Chief Crazy Horse in th 1870’s This is a monument of Crazy Horse. It is between Custer and Hill city roughly about 17 miles from Mt.

Rushmore Chief Crazy Horse rode a palomino in any of his battles; that was his horse that his father had given him. ——————————————– [ 1 ]. http://newsfornatives. com/blog/2008/02/10/quotes-chief-crazy-horse/ [ 2 ]. http://www. u-s-history. com/pages/h3755. html [ 3 ]. http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Crazy_Horse [ 4 ]. http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Crazy_Horse [ 5 ]. http://www. emayzine. com/lectures/CRAZYHOR. html [ 6 ]. http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Crazy_Horse [ 7 ]. http://newsfornatives. com/blog/2008/02/10/quotes-chief-crazy-horse/