Colonialism Plantation Slavery And Indentureship History Essay

Before emancipation, the Caribbean featured three chief types of categories in society, that you will see highlighted in the research paper subsequently on. The three categories were, the white upper category, these were predominanlt the plantation proprietors and directors, who had all the cognition and wealth, so we have the brown in-between category, they were said to hold skilled and semi skilled workers, bargainers and little groups of individuals who owned and operated concerns. Finally, the lower category and they consisted of largely black, unskilled workers in both the rural and urban countries. However, even though the Caribbean society featured these three chief categories, surveies conducted in the English speech production Caribbean suggested that stratification forms was mostly determined by a altering category construction that was switching and spread outing largely in the in-between categories, because the consistence of the skilled workers, forcing the agency of production.

I will critically analyze the island of St Lucia. The beginning of the name Saint Lucia can non be found, for it is lost in history. The common impression that has been passed on to coevalss, like other caribbean islands, that Columbus foremost saw the island on Saint Lucy ‘s Day on the 13th of December in the twelvemonth 1498, is unsure, for there is no dependable grounds of his find. Saint Lucia had a long colonial history under both Gallic and British regulation. The island was colonised for the really first clip around 500 BC by the Amerindian people coming from Venezuela besides known as Ciboneys. They were besides colonized by the Arawak Indians about 200 AD, and subsequently once more, around 900 AD, by the Caribs. Today, in the beautiful little island, there are really small remains of the civilization of these original dwellers in St. Lucia. From 1605 onwards, the Gallic, British and the Dutch began colonizing St.Lucia. By the twelvemonth 1680, the Caribs had to give up at that place control of the island, and the European colony began. Soon after, the Gallic, British and the Irish colonizers brought in enslaved workers from the West-African seashore to execute at that place demanding undertakings associated to work on the sugar plantation. There was a major rebellion in the 1790s, known as the Brigands ‘ War, and bondage continued in St. Lucia until 1838. During that period of the 18th century, the island changed custodies 14 times and was eventually under the British in 1814.

Culturally, nevertheless, St. Lucia still continues to show strong Gallic influences as is highlighted by its preponderantly French-based Creole, besides informally known as ‘patois ‘ . St. Lucia was emacipated in the twelvemonth 1838, and remained in many ways compliant to the demands and demands of the capitalist universe system. The societal stratification of St.Lucia, like most other caribbean islands, was a little part of white elect plantation owners and merchandisers that maintained control over a big black work force, with a little but spread outing coloured middle-class mediating between the two categories. Some workers managed to set up themselves as provincials on lands non in usage by the elite-owned sugar plantations, but many had to go on working on these estates for a support. In those times, rewards were said to be really low, until good into the twentieth century, how of all time there were alternate ways of doing a life that remained. St. Lucians were limited to fishing, charcoal-making, wood film editing, shopkeeping or out-migration. In the late nineteenth century, contract laborers from India were imported to work on the sugar estates, and this ‘East-Indian ‘ heritage has since complemented the African and European cultural makeup of St. Lucian civilization and society.

In the mid-twentieth century, St. Lucian society went through a series of major alterations. Plantation-based sugar cultivation was abandoned in the 1950s, and replaced by small-scale, farmer-grown banana production. Around the same clip, 1000s of St. Lucians decided to seek their luck overseas: in Curacao foremost, and shortly after in the U.K. , Canada, the United States and elsewhere. In political footings, the birth of a labour motion ( in the 1930s ) gave rise in the 1950s to an increasing degree of self-governance. Adult right to vote, assorted constitutional alterations and closer cooperation within the Eastern Caribbean eventually gave rise, in 1979, to political independency for St. Lucia within the British Commonwealth. Since the 1970s, subsequent authoritiess have prompted variegation of the local economic system, by exciting investings in the touristry and light fabrication sectors. Today, touristry and banana production signifier the pillar of the island ‘s economic system, with fabrication and a scope of other, smaller income-earners doing up the remainder.

St. Lucia is a parliamentary democracy, touting two political parties:

The United Workers Party ( which was in about lasting power from 1964 until 1997, most of the clip under the leading of Sir John Compton ) , and the St. Lucia Labour Party, which was in power from 1979 to1982, and once more since 1997, under current Prime-Minister Dr. Kenny D. Anthony.

Traditionally, St. Lucia ‘s instruction system has been in the custodies of the Catholic church. Due to ageless clangs between the ( French-oriented ) church and the ( British-oriented ) authorities, development of the instruction system has long been a bone of contention. Until the sixtiess, the island relied on merely two secondary schools – St. Mary ‘s College for male childs, and St. Joseph ‘s Convent for misss, in Castries. Since so, nevertheless, the enlargement of primary and secondary schooling has steadily continued, and the purpose of secondary instruction for all is now within range. Inordinately, the absolute deficiency of educational chances has non prevented St. Lucians from achieving the highest honor any bookman can accomplish: in 1979, Sir Arthur Lewis was awarded the Nobel Prize for economic sciences and in 1992, Sir Derek Walcott received the same for literature. Besides that, legion other St. Lucians are taking specializers, global, in the Fieldss of medical specialty, jurisprudence, accounting, history, chemical science, and other subjects.